November 17, 2016, is the International Lung Cancer Day. Lung cancer is one of the common malignant tumors that endanger human health. Especially in recent years, the proportion of patients with lung cancer has continued to rise. Especially in continuous haze days, we should pay more attention to lung health and take good care of the lungs in daily life. There are many causes of lung cancer, including smoking, special operations, air pollution, carcinogens in fried foods, genetic susceptibility, chronic lung diseases, cooking oil and cooking smoke. Lung cancer is difficult to treat, mainly because it is discovered late. Generally, early patients often diagnose themselves as having a cold cough, pneumonia, or other respiratory diseases, and often miss the best opportunity for treatment. Early diagnosis and early treatment can improve the overall treatment effect of lung cancer. Citizens should master scientific self-diagnosis methods. If the following symptoms occur, you should go to the hospital promptly: (1) cough; blood or hemoptysis in sputum; (2) chest pain; (3) chest tightness, shortness of breath; (4) hoarseness. In addition, some high-risk groups, such as special working groups, smokers and passive smokers, patients with chronic underlying diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, should be more vigilant against cancer and regularly undergo lung cancer screening. To maintain the lungs in daily life, you can eat less irritating and spicy foods, and eat more pear, radish, lily and other foods that nourish the lungs. At the same time increase the amount of water to ensure the nourishment of the lungs and respiratory tract. When the weather is fine, you can perform aerobic exercises such as jogging to enhance lung function. If you have a cold, treat it promptly. Keep your mood comfortable in daily life, do more physical exercise to improve your immunity. Start with yourself and try to avoid smoking and avoid inhaling second-hand smoke.
How to keep health
Health diet Autumn diet adjustment should follow the principle of “nourishing yin and preventing dryness”. The diet should nourish yin and nourish and succulent. The specific plan is as follows: nourishing the lungs should be to the lungs in the autumn. The lung is an important respiratory organ of the human body and the source of the human body’s true qi. The rise and fall of lung qi is related to the length of life. The dry climate in autumn can easily hurt lung yin, causing people to suffer from respiratory diseases such as dry nose, sore throat, cough and chest pain, so diet should pay attention to raising lungs. Eat more nourishing and dry foods, such as Tremella, sugar cane, bird’s nest , pear, sesame, coriander, spinach, meat, silky fowl, pork lung, soy milk, sugar, duck eggs, honey, turtle meat, olives. Eat more sesame, walnuts, glutinous rice, honey, sugar cane, etc., can play a role in nourishing yin, nourishing the lungs and nourishing blood. In addition, some medicinal diets can also be properly eaten, such as: sage wheat ball fish, honey steamed lily, olive plum soup and so on. Lung and acid increase in the autumn, the lung function is too strong, and eating too much spicy food will make the lungs more vigorous, and it will also hurt the liver, so you should eat less spicy foods in the autumn diet, such as onion, ginger, garlic, Leeks, peppers, etc. On this basis, eat more sour foods to supplement liver qi, such as: apple, pomegranate, grape , mango, cherry, grapefruit, lemon, hawthorn, tomato, coriander and so on. You should eat more porridge in early autumn. The weather is still hot, the air is humid, sultry and steamy, and the autumn fruits and fruits are ripe. It is difficult to protect people from gluttony, which will damage the spleen and stomach. Therefore, eat more porridge in the autumn morning. The spleen and stomach can bring a refreshing day. The porridge that is often eaten in autumn are: hawthorn rice porridge, duck pear rice porridge, rabbit meat rice porridge, white radish rice porridge, almond rice porridge, orange peel rice porridge, persimmon rice porridge and so on. Should add fitness soup The autumn diet is based on the principle of nourishing yin and moistening dryness. On this basis, drinking some fitness soup every day and dinner can not only dampen the spleen, nourish yin and prevent dryness, but also supplement nutrition and strengthen the body. The soups often eaten in autumn are: Lily Winter Melon Soup, Pig Skin Tomato Soup, Hawthorn Spare Ribs Soup, Carp Hawthorn Soup, Sturgeon Head Soup, Sturgeon Soup, Red Bean Sturgeon Soup, Duck Tofu Soup, Medlar Leaf Tofu Soup, Flat Mushroom Tofu Soup, oyster mushroom egg soup, winter mushroom seaweed soup, etc. It is advisable to eat more fish. Autumn is the season that needs tonic, but many people are afraid that a lot of tonic will cause obesity. You may wish to eat fish with low fat content. The fatty acids in it have been proven to reduce sugar, protect the heart and prevent cancer. Carp : carp, also known as fish, sweet and warm. Efficacy is swelling and swelling, qi and spleen, milk under the pulse , clearing heat and detoxifying, etc. It treats edema of ascites, less maternal milk, stomach ptosis , prolapse of the anus, etc. Banded fish : It can supplement the five internal organs, expel wind, and kill insects. It is especially suitable for those with weak spleen and stomach, indigestion, and dry skin. Can be used as adjuvant therapy for persistent hepatitis and chronic hepatitis. Eating strip fish can also moisturize the skin and keep it moist and elastic. Herring : It has the effects of nourishing qi and nourishing the stomach, dehumidifying and diversifying water, and removing wind and trouble. Consumption can treat qi deficiency and weakness, cold stomach pain, athlete’s foot , dampness , malaria , headache and other symptoms. Herring contains zinc, selenium, iron and other trace elements, as well as anti-cancer and anti-cancer effects. Carp : sweet and warm. The effect of diuretic swelling, nourishing qi and spleen, and milk under the pulse . Indications: edema, unreasonable milk , and short fetal gas. grass carp: Also known as catfish, there are two colors of barley and white bream, sweet and warm, and have the effects of pacifying the liver, expelling wind, activating paralysis, and intercepting malaria. The ancients believed that the carp was thick and loose, and it was good for steaming and treating headaches due to deficiency and wind deficiency. Loach : It is flat and sweet, has the effects of warming and nourishing qi, clearing urination, detoxifying and collecting hemorrhoids. The loach is tender and has high nutritional value. Its smooth saliva has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Can cure hot and humid jaundice, unfavorable urination , night sweats and other symptoms. Vitamin d, calcium and phosphorus in fish meat can effectively prevent osteoporosis. Diet Taboos 1. Pay attention to speed. Many elderly people have bad teeth or have dentures. Inadequate chewing of food can affect absorption, and eating too quickly may swallow dentures. 2. Don’t overeat. Overeat can increase the burden on the stomach and stomach, which can easily cause abdominal discomfort. In addition, prolonged overeating can easily cause stomach sagging. 3. Pay attention to food temperature. The stomach is extremely sensitive to the temperature of food. Overheated and cold foods stimulate the stomach and affect the digestive function. 4 , do not eat too hard food too hard to digest, and long-term eating too hard things, it is easy to cause stomach ulcers, gastritis and other diseases. Stomach nourishment in autumn is mainly caused by the following reasons: Although the weather is cool after the beginning of autumn, the vitality of flies is not weaker than that of summer. If you eat food contaminated by flies, it will occur due to gastrointestinal infection. Diarrhea; in the autumn, people ’s appetite increases, and there are a large number of fruits and vegetables on the market. Some people increase their gastrointestinal burden due to overeating, and cause gastrointestinal disorders. In addition, the temperature difference between day and night in autumn will cause the abdomen to catch cold. Diarrhea occurs. And, if the stomach is n’t raised, some haveIt is not uncommon for people with stomach problems to make them worse. How to nourish the stomach: 1. Keeping warm is the first priority . People with chronic gastritis should pay attention to keeping the stomach warm and add clothes in time. Sleep at night should be covered with a bedding to prevent the stomach from getting cold and causing stomach pain or worsening old diseases. In addition, patients with gastric disease must be moderate in autumn, and should not be forced to freeze to cause illness. 2. The diet should be reasonable . The autumn diet of gastric patients should be warm, soft, light and fresh. It should be quantified regularly and eat less frequently. 3. Resting is the key to avoid the stimulation of unpleasant complexes such as tension, anxiety, and anger. At the same time, pay attention to the combination of work and rest to prevent excessive fatigue and affect the rehabilitation of gastric diseases. 4. Exercise should be moderate. Gastrointestinal patients should combine their physical characteristics with moderate exercise to improve the body’s disease resistance, reduce disease recurrence, and promote physical and mental health. Diet with grains is the basic diet necessary for the body to supplement energy, and is the most important source of nutrition for maintaining physiological activities. Many people feel that a bowl of rice is not nutritious, and the nutrition is in the food, especially those crushes who are losing weight. They simply save the staple food such as rice and use vegetables and fruits instead. This will inevitably lead to an imbalance in the body’s nutrition and endanger health. Scientific research proves that a person should consume 300-500 grams of cereals daily to maintain normal physiological functions. During the year, diet in any season is inseparable from the grains, especially the effects of the dry and cold climate in autumn on the human body. These grains are more needed to resist dryness, to achieve the purpose of resisting dryness and health . There are many types of grains, and the following credits can play their most important role in the fall: Peanut Peanut is one of the “top ten longevity foods”, which is rich in vitamins, proteins, fats, riboflavin, unsaturated fatty acids and calcium, phosphorus, “Compendium of Materia Medica” records: “peanuts Wyatt spleen and stomach, lungs and phlegm, nourish qi, Qingyan itching.” “medicinal test” also said: “eating peanuts Xingpi stomach, bowel Run “Dry .” It can be seen that it has a good therapeutic effect on spleen and stomach disorders , cough and asthma, anemia, constipation, dryness of the intestines, etc. It is a food suitable for all ages. Peanuts should be eaten together with the outer skin when they are eaten, so that they can both tonic and stop bleeding, and are especially suitable for women who are physically weak during pregnancy and recovery of patients after surgery and physically weak after illness. Sweet potato Sweet potato is called “native ginseng”, which is a kind of longevity food with good taste and low price. Its sweetness is mild and cool, and it can replenish Jinzhike, moisturize the lungs, smooth the intestines, nourish the spleen and stomach, and pass the stool, and also has anti-cancer effects. Sweet potato is a low-calorie, low-fat food, and it can prevent carbohydrates from becoming fat. Consuming it in autumn can play a role in weight loss. However, sweet potatoes should not be consumed too much at one time, otherwise symptoms such as heartburn, stomach bloating and exhaust will occur, and people with diabetes, stomach ulcers and people with too much acid should not eat them. Sesame’s “Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic” said that sesame can “tonicate five internal energies, improve strength, grow muscles, and improve the essence of the body.” Vitamin E in sesame can prevent the harm of lipid peroxide to the skin, treat various skin cancers, make the skin more fair and shiny, and its nourishing effect can greatly improve the rough and dry skin. The autumn climate is relatively dry. At this time, eating more sesame will make the skin smooth and rosy, and you do n’t have to worry about getting fat if you eat too much. You can rest assured that you can lose weight. In addition to the above miscellaneous grains, white rice, millet, glutinous rice, corn, black beans, etc. are also very suitable for eating in autumn. Chestnuts enter the autumn, kidney and spleen become the focus of health, so how can we kidney and spleen? What is good for kidney and spleen? Chinese medicine believes that chestnuts are rich in nutrients and are the best food for kidney and spleen. Chestnuts are rich in nutrition. It is determined that chestnuts are rich in protein, fat, carotene, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, among which chestnuts contain about 70% carbohydrate. Chinese medical scientists of all ages have regarded chestnuts as the best tonic for qi, spleen, kidney and strengthening. Han Dynasty medical scientist Tao Hongjing said: “Li chestnut Qi, thick stomach, kidney qi, make people hungry.” Tang Siji, a medical scientist in the Tang Dynasty, said: “Li chestnuts, kidney fruit, kidney disease should be eaten; raw food to cure waist and foot failure.”